What is the harm in hate speech compared to the one caused by hate crime? Where is the diving line between the hate phenomena online and offline? The attempt of this paper is to first distinguish the essential elements defining the hate phenomena, particularly in the light of the online environment’s features, to then present a public-private cooperative investigative model as a possible solution to prevent the escalation from online hate speech into physical hate crime. The draft of this paper is part of the OSINT analysis work in the framework of the STAND-UP project.
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